at the Lake Biwa Museum, Japan

Robin James Smith

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Genus Pseudocandona Kaufmann, 1900

Superfamily: Cypridoidea Baird, 1845
Family: Candonidae Kaufmann, 1900
Subfamily: Candoninae Kaufmann, 1900

Two species have been reported from Korea:

1. Pseudocandona morimotoi (McKenzie, 1972)

Figures in: McKenzie 1972 (carapace and appendages)
Habitat: Caves.
Mode of life: Benthic.
Reproduction mode: Sexual.
Known distribution: Yongdam-gul Cave, Yeongweol-gun. Currently only known from the type locality.

McKenzie, K. G. 1972. Results of the speleological survey in South Korea 1966. XXII. Subterranean Ostracoda from South Korea. Bulletin of the National Science Mususem Tokyo, 15, 155-166.

2. Pseudocandona pratensis (Hartwig, 1901)

Figures in: Meisch 2000 (carapace and appendages); Karanovic 2013 (carapace and appendages, as Typhlocypris pratensis (Hartwig, 1901)).
Habitat: A river (Karanovic 2013). Elsewhere mainly found in temporary water bodies, but also ponds, lakes, rivers, brooks and springs (Meisch 2000)
Mode of life: Benthic.
Reproduction mode: In Korea unknown as only two females have been recovered. Elsewhere sexual (Meisch 2000).
Known distribution: Gangwon and Gyeongsangbuk Provinces (Karanovic 2013). Elsewhere known from Europe (Meisch 2000), and Japan (Tanaka et al. 2015).
Remarks: As no males were found, the Korean records need confirmation.

Karanovic I. 2013. Earicandona, new genus and the first record of Typhlocypris pratensis (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from South Korea. Journal of Species Research, 2, 145-158.

Meisch, C. 2000. Freshwater Ostracoda of Western and Central Europe. In: Schwoerbel, J., Zwick, P., (Eds.), Süßwasserfauna von Mitteleuropa 8/3. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin 522 pp.

Tanaka, H., Kotorii, H., Yokozawa, K., Wakabayashi, F., Kimoto, K. & Sano, K. 2015. Distribution and occurrence of freshwater Ostracoda (Crustacea) from southwest region of Mt. Fuji. TAXA, Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology, 38, 26-41. [In Japanese with English abstract.]