OSTRACOD RESEARCH

at the Lake Biwa Museum, Japan


Robin James Smith

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Genus Candona Baird, 1845

Superfamily: Cypridoidea Baird, 1845
Family: Candonidae Kaufmann, 1900
Subfamily: Candoninae Kaufmann, 1900

Two species have been reported from Korea:

1. Candona quasiakaina Karanovic & Lee, 2012


Left side view of a male Candona quasiakaina, length about 1.6 mm.


External view of a male left valve of Candona quasiakaina, length 1583 microns. The four curved lines are the testes; this group has four testes on each side just below the valves.


External view of a male right valve of Candona quasiakaina, length 1547 microns.


The male sexual organ of Candona quasiakaina, length 683 microns.

Additional figures in: Karanovic & Lee, 2012 (carapace and appendages); Smith et al. 2014 (carapace SEM).
Habitat: Freshwater stream (Karanovic & Lee 2012), and a seep in a dried streamlet (Smith et al. 2014).
Mode of life: Benthic.
Reproductive mode: Sexual.
Known distribution: Mount Cheonggye, Gyeonggi Province (Karanovic & Lee 2012), and Jeju Island (Smith et al. 2014). Currently only known from South Korea.

References:
Karanovic I., & Lee, W. 2012. A review of candonid ostracods (Crustacea: Ostracoda: Podocopida) from East Asia, with descriptions of five new species from South Korea. Zootaxa, 3368, 7-49.

Smith, R. J., Lee, J. & Chang, C. Y. 2014. Nonmarine Ostracoda (Crustacea) from Jeju Island, South Korea, including descriptions of two new species. Journal of Natural History, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2014.946110, 1-40.

1. Candona sillae Karanovic & Lee, 2012

Figures in: Karanovic & Lee 2012 (carapace and appendages).
Habitat: Freshwater stream (Karanovic & Lee 2012)
Mode of life: Benthic.
Reproductive mode: Sexual.
Known distribution: Mount Cheonggye, Gyeonggi Province (Karanovic & Lee 2012). Currently only known from the type locality.

References:
Karanovic I., & Lee, W. 2012. A review of candonid ostracods (Crustacea: Ostracoda: Podocopida) from East Asia, with descriptions of five new species from South Korea. Zootaxa, 3368, 7-49.